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LOW FODMAP


IBS | SIBO


The term FODMAP is used to distinguish several sugars called fructose, lactose, fructans, galactans and polyols.

In efforts to help people with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) relieve digestive discomfort, such as bloating, excess gas, diarrhea or constipation, many people choose to follow a diet low in FODMAP sugars.

DIGESTION OF FODMAPs

The logic of reducing the consumption of FODMAP in people with IBS is based on the digestion of these in the intestinal tract.

FODMAPs are fermentable short chain carbohydrates, that is, they attract water to the small intestine that can manifest diarrhea and are fermentable in the colon and can cause gastrointestinal symptoms such as gas and bloating.

Fructans and galactans are oligosaccharine sugars that humans cannot absorb because we do not produce the enzyme called hydrolase to digest these carbohydrates.

Lactose is a disaccharide sugar that many people cannot digest because it does not produce enough enzyme called lactase.

Fructose and polyols are monosaccharide sugars that are absorbed very slowly in the small intestine. This slow absorption causes osmosis and fluids to enter the intestines and cause diarrhea.

FOODS CONTAINING FODMAP SUGARS

Fructose: Agave, apples, pears, watermelon, honey, high fructose corn syrup (HFCS).

Lactose: Milk from mammals, dairy products, soft cheeses (hard cheeses are low in lactose).

Fructans: Garlic, onions, wheat, cashew nuts, pistachios.

Galactans: Legumes / dried beans, cashews, pistachios.

Polyols: Apple, cauliflower, mushrooms, stone fruits, sweet corn, sweeteners that end in -ol (for example, sorbitol, xylitol, maltitol, mannitol).

LOW FODMAP MEALS AND SNACKS:
  • Scrambled eggs with spinach and feta
  • Oatmeal topped with sliced banana, almonds and brown sugar
  • Lactose-free yogurt with strawberries and crushed walnuts
  • Rice pasta with chicken, tomatoes and zucchini
  • Sliced turkey on a gluten-free wrap with lettuce, tomato, Swiss cheese, and mustard
  • Quesadilla with corn tortilla and cheddar cheese
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Please be aware that email is not a secure means of communication and spam filters may prevent your email from reaching the health professional. The health professional should respond to you by phone, although we recommend that you follow up with a phone call. If you prefer corresponding via phone, leave your contact number. If this is an emergency do not use this form. Call 911 or your nearest hospital.